A number of devices, including those used to measure radio waves, have been built using measurements of the X and Y radiation emitted by the sun.
But the devices are mostly aimed at measuring infrared wavelengths.
The new X-Ray and UV spectrometer, for example, uses measuring instruments to measure wavelengths of radiation that can be seen with the naked eye.
It can be used for things like finding cancerous cells or for detecting dangerous chemicals in water.
A device called a microfluidic instrument can be built using a laser, but is only capable of measuring infrared waves.
“If you want to measure X-rays, you can’t do it with a microfiber cloth,” says study author Andrey Zhukovsky, a professor at the Department of Physics at the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow.
“And if you want UV-rays you can only do it by using a microcrystalline silicon chip.”
The new spectrometers use infrared light to measure waves of X- and Y-rays emitted by a sunspots magnetic field.
But Zhukovs team decided to try to do something a little bit more complicated: measuring radiation coming from the atmosphere.
In their experiments, the team used a special instrument called a photovoltaic solar cell that uses a small amount of solar energy to generate electricity.
The solar cells convert infrared light into electricity.
By measuring the reflected light from the solar cells, the researchers were able to measure how much the reflected radiation was coming from different parts of the atmosphere—including the stratosphere.
In addition, the spectromakers can use other wavelengths of X and other wavelengths to measure other radiation that is not visible to the naked eyes.
This information can then be used to determine whether the radiation coming off the sun is coming from a sunspot, a meteor, or other sources.
The spectromaker uses a photodiode to create a magnetic field that creates a light wave.
This light wave is then amplified by a laser and emitted by an X-Rays spectromatic detector.
The light waves are measured to measure a particular wavelength, which is used to calculate the radiation.
The laser light then bounces off the X rays and then back into the detector, which measures the intensity of the back-and-forth bouncing of the light.
A spectromodulator works like a spectromic camera, where it uses a lens to create an image of the incoming light and the detector to measure it.
The device works by projecting a small mirror onto a surface, which bounces a small laser beam back and forth, creating a pattern of light waves.
The resulting light wave pattern is then analyzed using a spectroscopic detector.
This image of a pattern produced by the spectroscopy detector shows the reflection of X rays off the photodiodes mirror and back into a photodetector.
The reflected light waves from the X ray detectors are then compared to the X waves from other sources to find out if they are coming from solar sources.
Zhukozovs device can measure X rays coming from ultraviolet (UV) rays and from X rays emitted from the sun, as well as infrared light from clouds, aerosols, and dust particles.
And in the future, he says, the device could be used with other types of radiation, such as infrared-spectroscopy.
This instrument could be built on an existing solar panel, for instance, and the team hopes to make a larger version.
“We can put a phototransistor in this thing and measure light coming from other parts of our planet, for the first time,” Zhukovy says.