NEW YORK — New York City and the New Jersey Turnpike Authority are among the communities most at risk of an increase in HIV cases, according to new analysis.
The study, released Monday by the American Medical Association and published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, also found New Jersey’s turnpike network is the most vulnerable to an increase of new infections.
New York’s Turnpikes have seen a sharp increase in new HIV cases since 2014.
New Jersey’s Turncreek network has seen an increase, too, from 0.9 new infections per 100,000 people in 2014 to 2.2 in 2017, the study found.
The turnpikes network, which connects the Northeast with the Midwest and the South, is the main corridor for people coming from the West and Midwest.
That makes it one of the most likely places in the country to be infected with HIV, the AMA said.
New York, for instance, has the highest proportion of New Yorkers living in communities with at least one new HIV infection in the state, according the study.
The state’s population has increased by more than 5 million people in the last five years, but the new data shows that New Yorkers are not the only ones being exposed.
The New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services estimates more than 40 percent of the state’s 3.5 million residents live in high-risk neighborhoods.
The increase is most pronounced in the Upper West Side, the Bronx, the Lower East Side, Jersey City, Jerseyville, Bergen, and Fort Lee, the states largest borough.
The CDC estimates the total number of new new HIV diagnoses in New Jersey could reach nearly 1 million by 2020.
The new analysis was commissioned by the New York State Department of Public Health, which said the state is one of five states with HIV testing and treatment facilities that are also part of the New Health Partnership.